|Understanding Domestic Inland / Land Freight Logistic Shipping Term Terminology:(For Reference Only)
|Domestic Inland / Land Freight Logistic / Trucking
Freight haulers provides door-to-door domestic and international freight transportation to most major cities
worldwide. For shipments less-than trailer loads (LTL), the freight is consolidated into vans and transported
to the recipient's (consignee's) door.
Most shipments are handled for business-to-business, but arrangements can be made for residential pick-
up or delivery for an additional fee.
For freight consignments that require a full truck load (FTL), we dedicate a van or truck for the entire freight
move, from the shipper's door until it is received by the recipient.
Inland Freight and Inter-modal can handle bulk and oversize shipments, which normally move on flat-beds,
flat-racks, low-boys, low-decks and other specialized equipment. These consignments may require special
permits, depending on the size and weight.
Some shipments tendered for other transportation modes, such as air freight and ocean freight, can be
combined with Inland Freight in order to provide a complete freight transportation move and to maximize
efficiencies in the shipment transaction. By combining different modes of transportation, we are able to
expedite your shipments across countries and use more efficient modes of transportation for pick-up,
delivery or simply transporting the product to the nearest port.
For shipments traveling within the USA, service is domestic door-to-door. Additionally, we can provide the inland freight
transportation service across the boarders to Canada and Mexico
A Bill of Lading or Pick-up/Delivery Order is issued on all inland freight shipments tendered and a reference number is
assigned, which allows you to track your shipment online from any Internet connection.
The following information is required:
Description of goods
Number of pieces
Weight of each piece
Overall dimensions (length x width x height) of each piece
Shipper's contact information, including city, zip code and telephone number
Consignee's (recipient's) contact information, including city, zip code and telephone number
The following is a list of goods handled by inland freight:
Heavy equipment and machinery
Construction equipment and machinery
Building and fabrication materials
Food processing equipment
Health and beauty aids (HBA)
Hotel and restaurant equipment
and ETC. Etc.
************** Trucking Services Glossary **********
Accessorial (Additional) Services :
Services such as packing, appliance servicing, unpacking, or piano stair carries that you request to be performed (or that
are necessary because of landlord requirements or other special circumstances). Charges for these services may be in
addition to the line haul charges.
Advanced Charges :
Charges for services performed by someone other than the mover. A professional, craftsman, or other third party may
perform these services at your request. The mover pays for these services and adds the charges to your bill of lading
A local moving company authorized to act on behalf of a larger, national company.
Appliance Service by Third Party
The preparation of major electrical appliances to make them safe for shipment. Charges for these services may be in
addition to the line haul charges.
Bill of Lading :
The receipt for your goods and the contract for their transportation.
NOTE: It is your responsibility to understand the bill of lading before you sign it. If you do not agree with something on
the bill of lading, do not sign it until you are satisfied that it is correct. The bill of lading is an important document. Do not
lose or misplace your copy.
A company that arranges for the truck transportation of cargo belonging to others, utilizing for-hire carriers to provide the
actual truck transportation. A broker does not assume responsibility for the cargo and usually does not take possession
of the cargo.
Cash on Delivery (COD)
Payment is required at the time of delivery at the destination residence (or warehouse).
Any person who is named as the consignor or consignee in a bill of lading contract who is not the owner of the goods
being transported but who assumes the responsibility for payment of the transportation and other tariff charges for the
account of the beneficial owner of the goods. The beneficial owner of the goods is normally an employee of the consignor
and/or consignee. A freight forwarder tendering a shipment to a carrier in furtherance of freight forwarder operations is
also a commercial shipper. The Federal government is a government bill of lading shipper, not a commercial shipper.
An agreement made in advance with your mover, which guarantees the total cost of the move based upon the quantities
and services shown on the estimate.
This is what your mover believes the cost will be, based upon the estimated weight of the shipment and the accessorial
services requested. A non-binding estimate is not binding on the mover. The final charges will be based upon the actual
weight of your shipment, the services provided, and the tariff provisions in effect. You must be prepared to pay 10
percent more than the estimated charges at delivery (110 Percent Rule).
An agreement with the mover to perform transportation by a set date in exchange for charges based upon a higher
A charge for carrying items up or down flights of stairs. Charges for these services may be in addition to the line haul
A trucking company that is paid to transport cargo belonging to others.
A defense protecting the parties in the event that a part of the contract cannot be performed due to causes which are
outside the control of the parties and could not be avoided by exercise of due care.
A company that arranges for truck transportation of cargo belonging to others, utilizing for-hire carriers to provide the
actual truck transportation. A freight forwarder assumes responsibility for the cargo from origin to destination and usually
takes possession of the cargo at some point during the transportation. Freight forwarders typically assemble and
consolidate less-than-truckload shipments into truckload shipments at origin, and disassemble and deliver shipments at
Under this option, the mover is liable for the replacement value of lost or damaged goods (as long as it doesn't exceed
the total declared value of the shipment). If you elect to purchase full value protection (FVP), and your mover loses,
damages or destroys your articles, your mover must repair, replace with like items, or settle in cash at the current market
replacement value, regardless of the age of the lost or damaged item. The minimum declared value of a shipment under
this option is $5,000 or $4.00 times the actual total weight (in pounds) of the shipment, whichever is greater.
For example, the minimum declared value for a 4,000-pound (1,814.4-kilogram) shipment would be $16,000. Your
mover may offer you FVP with a $250 or $500 deductible, or with no deductible at all. The amount of the deductible will
affect the cost of your FVP coverage. The $4.00 per pound minimum valuation rate may be increased annually by your
mover based on changes in the household furnishings element of the Consumer Price Index established by the U.S.
Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Unless you specifically agree to other arrangements, the mover must assume liability for the entire shipment based upon
this option. The approximate cost for FVP is $8.50 for each $1,000 of declared value; however, it may vary by mover. In
the example above, the valuation charge for a shipment valued at $16,000 would be $136.00. As noted above, this fee
may be adjusted annually by your mover based on changes in the household furnishings element of the Consumer Price
Alternatively, see Released Value.
Government Bill of Lading Shipper
Any person whose property is transported under the terms and conditions of a government bill of lading issued by any
department or agency of the Federal government to the carrier responsible for the transportation of the shipment.
Guaranteed Pickup and Delivery Service
An additional level of service featuring guaranteed dates of service. Your mover will provide reimbursement to you for
delays. This premium service is often subject to minimum weight requirements.
High Value Article
Items included in a shipment valued at more than $100 per pound ($220 per kilogram). NOTE: These items should be
disclosed to the mover to ensure that they are protected accordingly.
Household Goods (when used in connection with transportation)
The personal effects or property used, or to be used, in a dwelling, when part of the equipment or supplies of the
dwelling. Transportation of the household goods must be arranged and paid for by the individual shipper or by another
individual on behalf of the shipper. Household goods includes property moving from a factory or store if purchased with
the intent to use in a dwelling and transported at the request of the householder, who also pays the transportation
Any person who is the consignor or consignee of a household goods shipment identified as such in the bill of lading
contract. The individual shipper owns the goods being transported and pays the transportation charges.
Interstate Move The transportation of goods in the United States from a place in one State to a place in a different State
(including a place outside the United States); OR between two places in one State through another State or place outside
of the United States.
" EXAMPLES: " Interstate Move ... Between a place in one State and a place outside of that State.
Interstate Move ... Begins and ends in the same State, but the shipment travels through another State
means transportation of goods in the United States which is between a place in a state and a place outside of that state
(including a place outside the United States); or between two places in a state through another state or place outside of
the United States.
Occurs between a place in a state and a place outside of that state (i.e., in another state or country). Even if other modes
of transportation, such as plane or rail (see next example to right), are involved in moving the goods...
As long as the goods cross a state line and involve a mover at any point, it is an interstate move, and at least the
portion involving the mover is governed by FMCSA rules and regulations. The moving truck or van does not have to
physically cross a state line for it to be an interstate move.
Occurs between a place in a state and a place outside of the United States.
The intent of the move can define whether the move is interstate. In this example, the move begins outside the state
and goes to a warehouse뾫ot the final destination뾵ithin the state. Nevertheless, since the move originated outside the
state it is characterized as an interstate move
Occurs between two places in the same state if the shipment passes through a place outside the United States.
Occurs between two places in the same state if the shipment passes through another state.
The detailed descriptive list of your household goods showing the number and condition of each item.
Line Haul Charges
The charges for the vehicle transportation portion of your move. These charges, if separately stated, apply in addition to
the accessorial service charges.
Charge for carrying articles excessive distances between the mover's vehicle and your residence. Charges for these
services may be in addition to the line haul charges.
A company that provides truck transportation. There are two types of motor carriers: private and for-hire carriers.
110 Percent Rule
Movers are required by law to deliver your goods for no more than 10 percent above the price of a non-binding estimate.
Order for Service
A document authorizing a mover to transport an individual shipper's household goods.
Peak Season Rates
Higher line haul charges applicable during the summer months.
Pickup and Delivery Charges
Separate transportation charges applicable for transporting your shipment between the storage-in-transit warehouse and
A company that provides truck transportation of its own cargo, usually as part of a business that produces, uses, sells
and/or buys the cargo being hauled.
The performance of transportation on the dates, or during the period, agreed upon by the mover and the individual
shipper and shown on the Order For Service/Bill of Lading. For example, if a mover deliberately withholds any shipment
from delivery after an individual shipper offers to pay the binding estimate or 110 percent of a non-binding estimate, the
mover has not transported the goods with reasonable dispatch. The term "reasonable dispatch" excludes transportation
provided under a mover's tariff provisions requiring guaranteed service dates. The mover will have the defenses of force
majeure, i.e., superior or irresistible force, as construed by the courts.
Released Value (Basic Value)
This is the most economical protection option available. This no-additional-cost option provides minimal protection. Under
this option, the mover assumes liability for no more than 60 cents per pound ($1.32 cents per kilogram), per article. Loss
or damage claims are settled based upon the pound (kilogram) weight of the article multiplied by 60 cents per pound
($1.32 cents per kilogram). For example, if your mover lost or destroyed a 10-pound (4.54-kilogram) stereo component
valued at $1,000, your mover would be liable for no more than $6.00. Obviously, you should think carefully before
agreeing to such an arrangement. There is no extra charge for this minimal protection, but you must sign a specific
statement on the bill of lading agreeing to it. Alternatively, see Full Value protection.
Use of a smaller vehicle to provide service to residences that are not accessible to the mover's normal line haul
equipment (large moving vans).
The temporary warehouse storage of your shipment pending further transportation, with or without notification to you. If
you (or someone representing you) cannot accept delivery on the agreed-upon date or within the agreed-upon time
period (for example, because your home is not quite ready to occupy), your mover may place your shipment into SIT
without notifying you. In those circumstances, you will be responsible for the added charges for SIT service, as well as the
warehouse handling and final delivery charges. However, your mover also may place your shipment into SIT if your mover
was able to make delivery before the agreed-upon date (or before the first day of the agreed-upon delivery period), but
you did not concur with early delivery. In those circumstances, your mover must notify you immediately of the SIT, and
your mover is fully responsible for redelivery charges, handling charges, and storage charges
Surface Transportation Board (www.stb.dot.gov)
This agency within the Department of Transportation regulates household goods carrier tariffs among other
An issuance (in whole or in part) containing rates, rules, regulations, classifications or other provisions related to a motor
carrier's transportation services. The Surface Transportation Board requires that a tariff contain three specific items. First,
an accurate description of the services the mover offers to the public. Second, the specific applicable rates (or the basis
for calculating the specific applicable rates) and service terms for services offered to the public. Third, the mover's tariff
must be arranged in a way that allows you to determine the exact rate(s) and service terms applicable to your shipment.
The degree of "worth" of the shipment. The valuation charge compensates the mover for assuming a greater degree of
liability than is provided for in its base transportation charges. All movers are required to assume liability for the value of
goods that they transport. Most movers offer two levels of liability basic and full value. "Basic value" is also referred to as
Warehouse Handling A charge may be applicable each time SIT service is provided. Charges for these services may be in
addition to the line haul charges. This charge compensates the mover for the physical placement and removal of items
within the warehouse
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